New Orleans Blues Piano – The Complete Guide

Instructor
Jonny May
Quick Tip
Level 2
17:06

Learning Focus
  • Basslines
  • Groove
  • Riffs
Music Style
  • Blues
Free Lessons

Get free weekly lessons, practice tips, and downloadable resources to your inbox!

Want to play authentic New Orleans blues piano in the style of Dr. John, Fats Domino, and Professor Longhair? In today’s Quick Tip, we’ll play vibrant piano sounds from The Big Easy combining Blues, African and Caribbean musical traditions. You’ll learn:

  • New Orleans Piano Bass Line
  • Bluesy Right Hand Piano Fills
  • New Orleans Piano Turnaround

Today’s lesson on New Orleans blues is one big piano party you won’t want to miss!

Intro to New Orleans Blues Piano

New Orleans is a multicultural melting pot with a rich musical heritage that includes Jazz, Blues, R&B and Zydeco styles. It should come as no surprise then, that New Orleans has its own distinctive take on blues piano playing. In fact, in the 2003 documentary Blue Piano, Dr. John laments to director Clint Eastwood that the were so many good pianists in New Orleans that it made him want to be a guitarist! Dr John recalls, “I heard so many bad [as in good] piano players, I just decided I’ll never get a job playing music as a piano player.” Ironically, Dr John switched his primary instrument from guitar to piano at age 19 after sustaining a gun shot injury to his left hand (Smithsonian Magazine, March 1 2009).

One of the defining elements of New Orleans blues piano is the infusion of the syncopated Afro-Cuban rhumba rhythm in the left hand (also spelled “rumba”). The following example shows how this polyrhythmic groove combines 8th notes in groupings of 3+3+2.

Rhumba Rhythm
Rhumba rhythm figures for New Orleans Blues Piano
Each rhythmic figure above represents different expressions of the Afro-Cuban rhumba 3+3+2 additive polyrhythm.

In Step 1 of today’s lesson, you’ll learn how New Orleans pianists have commonly adopted the rhumba rhythm for blues piano.

Step 1: New Orleans Blues Piano Bass Line

Let’s get the party started with an authentic New Orleans piano bass line in the left hand. To create a rhumba-tinged bass line, we’ll use an arpeggiated figure that draws on the 1–♯2–3–5 for each chord symbol. Here is an example from today’s lesson sheet:

New Orleans Blues Piano Bass Line Rhumba Rumba Polyrhythm Afro-Cuban
New Orleans blues piano bass line.

You can download the complete lesson sheet and backing tracks for today’s Quick Tip from the bottom of this page after logging in with your membership. You can also easily transpose this lesson to any key with our Smart Sheet Music.

Want to learn additional blues piano bass lines? If so, then check out our full-length courses on Rockin Blues Bass Lines (Level 2, Level 3) featuring 24 amazing left hand bass lines for blues piano.

Now that you’ve learned the left hand, you are ready for the next step.

Step 2: Right Hand Filler Techniques for New Orleans Blues Piano

In this section, we’ll examine 3 bluesy filler techniques used by New Orleans pianists.

#1: Chromatic 6ths

The first technique we’ll examine is chromatic 6ths. This figure descends melodically from the 3rd of the chord to the root of the chord with two added passing tones as follows: 3→♭3→2→1. This melodic line is then harmonized with parallel 6ths as shown in the following example.

Chromatic 6ths on C7
Descending chromatic 6ths in right hand for C7 chord.

Blues pianists will commonly add tremolo to longer durations as in the example above. To add tremolo, simply strike the notes and rotate your wrist quickly as if to jiggle a door knob. Note, the chromatic 6ths lick shown above can also be played ascending from the root to the 3rd in the melody.

When the chord symbol changes, you’ll need to transpose this lick to match the harmony. For example, when you go to the 5-chord (G7), the descending melody becomes B→B♭→A→G.

Chromatic 6ths on G7 for New Orleans blues piano
Descending chromatic 6ths in right hand for G7 chord.

Inverted 6ths

To add variety, New Orleans blues pianists also invert these 6th intervals. As a result, you get 3rd intervals that descend melodically as follows: 5→♭5→4→3. Now, let’s hear what inverted 6ths sounds like over C7.

Inverted 6ths on C7
Inverted 6ths New Orleans blues piano filler technique.

#2: Dr. John Blues Rolls

The next essential filler technique for New Orleans blues piano is the Dr. John Blues Roll.

Dr. John Blues Roll on C7
New Orleans blues piano essential filler technique #2, the Dr. John blues roll on C7 chord.

This flashy sounding riff can be easily mastered by breaking it down into 3 sequential hand motions:

  1. Grab
  2. Roll
  3. Connector

Let’s examine this riff over a C7 chord. For the grab portion, think of a C minor triad (C–E♭–G) and grab the top two notes with fingers 2 and 4. Next, for the roll portion, think of a C major triad (C–E–G) and roll the notes in the following sequence: 3→5→3→1. Use the fingering 1–2–4 for the notes C–E–G. Try to think of the roll as one hand motion rather than four individual notes. Finally, for the connector portion of the riff, think of an F major triad in 2nd inversion (C–F–A). However, you only need to play the top two notes, F and A, with fingers 3 and 5. Then, repeat the riff again—grab, roll, connector—or transition to a different blues lick.

Dr John Blues Roll on C7—Breakdown Grab~Role~Connector
Breakdown of fingerings and hand motions for Dr. John blues roll.

Great job! If you like the sound of these bluesy fills, then you’ll love our courses on The Bible of Blues Riffs (Level 2, Level 3) featuring a total of 120 licks and riffs for blues piano.

#3: New Orleans Blues Piano Turnaround

Finally, let’s learn an infectious New Orleans turnaround to keep the party going. You can place the following 2-bar turnaround at the end of a section to lead back the top of the form.

New Orleans Blues Piano Turnaround
Place this New Orleans blues piano turnaround at the end of a section to keep the party going!

What an amazing fill! Let’s examine it a little closer. To play this turnaround in any key, walk up the following scale tones in the left hand:

34♯45→♭7→7→1 | 15→5→5

(Note: bold scale degrees are played in octaves; underlined scale degrees are played an octave lower than those without underline.) The right hand then features a gospel-infused harmonization of this bass line. Remember, you can use our Smart Sheet Music to transpose this filler to any key with a single click as needed.

Also, be sure to try these New Orleans blues piano sounds along with the backing tracks that come with today’s lesson. The backing tracks are recorded at various tempi so you can drill these licks and fills until you have them just right! The backing tracks appear at the bottom of this page after logging in with your membership.

Conclusion

Congratulations, you are well on your way to playing blues piano with an authentic New Orleans sound! If you enjoyed today’s lesson, be sure to check out the following courses:

Thanks for learning with us today. We’ll see you next time!

 

Blog written by Michael LaDisa / Quick Tip by Jonny May

More Free Lessons

The ultimate 2-5-1 jazz scale exercise will unlock your potential as an improvisor and help overcome choppy, directionless improv lines.

This month, we’re taking a look at the famous American jazz musician, Vince Guaraldi, who is best known for his musical contributions to the Peanuts show.

Explore the dreamy sound of the whole tone scale and four piano applications. This guide covers theory, fingering, runs and historical usage.

Looking for downloads?

Subscribe to a membership plan for full access to this Quick Tip's sheet music and backing tracks!

Start Your Free Trial

Join Us

The Piano With Jonny Membership


Guided Learning Tracks

View guided learning tracks for all music styles and skill levels

Progress Tracking

Complete lessons and courses as you track your learning progress

Downloadable Resources

Download Sheet Music and Backing Tracks

Community Forums

Engage with other PWJ members in our member-only community forums

Become a better piano player today. Try us out with the 14-day free trial!

Get Started